The Collective Bargaining Agreement Is

The union can negotiate with a single employer (which usually represents the shareholders of a company) or, depending on the country, negotiate with a group of companies to reach a sectoral agreement. A collective agreement is a contract of employment between an employer and one or more unions. Collective bargaining consists of the process of negotiation between representatives of a trade union and employers (usually represented by management or, in some countries such as Austria, Sweden and the Netherlands, by an employers` organisation) on workers` conditions of employment, such as wages, working hours, working conditions, complaint procedures and the rights and obligations of trade unions. The parties often refer to the outcome of negotiations as a collective agreement (CBA) or a comprehensive employment contract (CBA). The Swedish Confederation of Industrial Employers is bound by thirteen collective agreements. Seven of them are workers` contracts. The workers` union Industrifacket Metall is a counterpart in five agreements, Pappers (the Swedish union of paper workers), GS (the Swedish Union of Forestry, Wood and Graphics Workers) in one and SEKO (The Union of Service and Communication Employees) in two. The Swedish Confederation of Industrial Employers is also bound by four collective agreements for employees. The counterparts to this agreement are the employee unions Ledarna (the Swedish Management Organisation), Unionen and Sveriges Ingenjörer (Swedish Federation of Graduate Engineers). In addition, the Swedish Industrial Employers` Association is bound by a collective agreement which includes both counterparties and employees in the same agreement with Pappers (the Swedish Paper Workers` Union) as a fellow worker. British law reflects the historical contradictory nature of British industrial relations. In addition, workers are concerned that if their union is prosecuted for violating a collective agreement, the union could go bankrupt, allowing workers to remain in collective bargaining without representation.

This unfortunate situation could change slowly, partly under the influence of the EU. Japanese and Chinese companies that have British factories (especially in the automotive industry) are trying to pass on the company`s ethics to their workers. [Clarification needed] This approach has been taken by local UK companies such as Tesco….

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