At a joint press conference after the talks, Putin said the agreement would serve as a “good basis for ending the fighting” in Idlib and “ending the suffering of the civilian population.” As part of the agreement, Turkish and Russian forces will conduct joint patrols along the M4 motorway linking eastern and western Syria and establish a security corridor on both sides. A Russian delegation arrived in Ankara on Tuesday for details. Russian President Vladimir Putin, who is standing alongside his Turkish counterpart Tayyip Erdogan, said he hoped their deal would lead to a halt to military action in Syria`s last major rebel stronghold in the northwest of the country. “I hope that these agreements will serve as the basis for stopping military activities in the Idlib de-escalation zone (and) will put an end to the suffering of peaceful populations and the growing humanitarian crisis,” Putin said. The latest Turkish-Russian agreement reached on 5 March in Moscow by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin will be no exception. Although the agreement succeeded in ending the fighting and giving respite to the three million Syrians living in the province, most of them were driven out several times, it did not find a stable solution that would prevent a new military offensive by the Syrian regime and its allies on the last stronghold of the Turkish-backed Syrian opposition. A Russian delegation arrived in Ankara this week to discuss the details of the agreement. Moscow, for its part, said Turkey was violating the agreement by supporting “illegal armed groups” and accused Turkish forces of mingling with “terrorists” in Idlib. The deal was announced after about six hours of talks between Putin and Erdogan in the Russian capital.
Erdogan probably wanted to stop Assad`s offensive in Idlib and keep territory under his de facto control as part of a 2018 deal brokered by Russia. Russia wants to restore a balance in the region, which probably reflects the territorial gains of the Syrian army, without rotting its relations with Turkey.