Sykes Picot Agreements

US President Woodrow Wilson rejected all secret agreements between allies and encouraged open diplomacy and ideas of self-determination. On November 22, 1917, Leon Trotsky sent a note to the petrograd ambassadors that “contained proposals for a ceasefire and democratic peace without annexation and without compensation based on the principle of nation independence and their right to determine the nature of their own development.” [68] Peace negotiations with the four-year Alliance – Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey – began a month later in Brest-Litovsk. On behalf of the Quadrennial Alliance, Count Czernin replied on 25 December that “the question of the nationality of national groups that do not have the independence of the state should be constitutionally resolved by any state and its peoples independently” and that “the right of minorities is an essential part of the constitutional right of peoples to self-determination”. [69] The Sykes-Picot Agreement was only part of the secret war diplomacy concerning the Middle East. It was supplemented by agreements with two other war powers interested in the region, Russia and Italy, as well as a series of subsequent British actions and commitments, such as the Balfour Declaration and correspondence with the Hashemite family. Despite these and other changes, the term “Sykes-Picot” also refers to the general settlement of peace in the Middle East and the political order it has established. The Anglo-French declaration was read in the protocol, and Pichon commented that it showed the selfless position of the two governments towards the Arabs and Lloyd George that it was “more important than all the old agreements”. [91] Pichon mentioned an agreement proposed on 15 February on the basis of the private agreement between Clemenceau and Lloyd George last December. [91] (According to Lieshout, Clemenceau presented Lloyd George, just before Faisal met at the conference of 6, a proposal that seems to cover the same subject; Lieshout, which issued on British materials related to the 6, while the date is not specified in the minutes. [92] This year, brutally. the agreement was reached for the hundredth time, which in many countries has led to debates that have linked the events of the First World War to the crisis that has hit the Middle East region today.

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