Indonesia`s Ministry of Commerce said rcep was the world`s largest regional trade agreement. The pact reduces tariffs, opens up the services sector and establishes common rules on trade within the bloc. The agreement covers trade, services, investment, e-commerce, telecommunications and copyright. Australia hopes the trade deal will improve relations with China, its largest trading partner. What remains are some agreements on common standards and Australia`s assertive ability to talk more with China than it can through its own one-on-one trade agreement. But it is possible that the new “rules of origin” – which officially define where a product comes from – will have the greatest impact. China will win by other means. By adhering to its first multilateral trade agreement, it can present itself as committed to trade liberalization, at a time when America seems relatively disconnected from the region and is still waging a trade war with China. China Premier Li Keqiang welcomed the signing and called RCEP “a victory for multilateralism and free trade” and, lyrically, “a ray of light and hope amid the clouds.” Many Member States have already concluded free trade agreements, but there are restrictions. It will reinforce a regional trend in Chinese trade.
A pattern dominated by industrial product supply chains that extended to different Asian countries before being exported to the West changes. In the first half of this year, ASEAN overtook the European Union as China`s main trading partner, according to the Institute of International Finance, a Washington-based financial industry association. The RCEP will be examined by a parliamentary committee which, as usual in these agreements, will not be able to amend the text. The final text does not give foreign companies special rights to sue governments through so-called investor-state dispute clauses, which are common in other agreements, although there is an opportunity for members to reconsider the idea two years after ratification, after negotiators pushed back the finish line agreement. , after India surprised participants by abandoning the agreement at the end of last year. Prime Minister Narendra Modi said he may have wondered how rcEP would affect the livelihoods of Indians, especially the weakest. However, India will again be allowed to join the trade pact. Asia-Pacific countries such as Thailand, China, Japan and South Korea signed the world`s largest regional free trade agreement on Sunday, which includes nearly a third of the world`s population and gross domestic product. According to experts, the question of whether the RCEP will change the regional dynamic in China`s favor depends on the reaction of the United States.
The agreement highlights how U.S. President Donald Trump`s 2017 decision to withdraw from another Asia-Pacific trade pact – the Trans-Pacific Partnership or the TPP – has reduced the U.S. ability to counterbalance China`s growing regional economic influence. Oddly enough, for an agreement dealing with standards, there is nothing about forced labour or child labour, and no mention of climate change. The truth is somewhere in between. The RCEP does not engage in a dramatic liberalization of Asian trade.